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Analogical discoveries

Alessandro Antonietti

Analogical discoveries

Identifyng similarities to solve problems

Edizione: 2001

Collana: Biblioteca di testi e studi

ISBN: 9788843020225

  • Pagine: 112
  • Prezzo:14,70 13,97
  • Acquista

In breve

Sometimes the solution of a novel problem is achieved by transferring a strategy derived from a familiar situation which is similar to that problem, even though it concerns a different domain. This is the case of the so-called ´analogical problem-solving . Analogical problem-solving is a process of which artistic intuition, historical reconstruction, scientific discovery, and technological invention take advantage; it occurs in everyday thinking and in instruction where it allows to clarify concepts which are difficult to understand and to foster the development of creativity. It is an interesting ´crossroad  both with intersections of some main theoretical constructs of psychology and with an overlapping of various mental functions. The book reports a series of experimental investigations whose aims were threefold. They were designed to assess empirically the influence exerted on analogical problem-solving by factors which research had neglected, to give a detailed picture of the processes underlying analogical problem-solving, and to test the psychological reality of some theoretical constructs.

Indice

Preface Introduction 1.Realizing analogies/Analogical problem-solving does not occur spontaneously/Separating activation and awareness/Source access is not influenced by semantic cues/Phases of analogical problem-solving/Analogical mapping is not incremental 2.Integrating analogies/Integration of stories and pictures/Integration of partial source stories/Integration of partial visual sources/From partial analogies to general solutions 3.Processing analogies/Medium and re-elaboration of the source/Effects of literal recall, schematizing, and evaluating/ Going beyond  source information/Sources in problem-solving settings/Beyond schema abstraction 4.Identifying and training analogical thinking skills/Relationships between different kinds of analogical thinking/Analogical problem-solving and cognitive style/Analogical problem-solving and domain familiarity/Can analogical problem-solving be trained’ ·Conclusions ·References ·Appendices